((My comments in double parentheses - Homer))
                           ARMSTRONG APPENDIX
                                CD - 26
                            18 October 1994
                   Copyright (C) 1994 Gerry Armstrong
       Redistribution rights granted for non commercial purposes.
     Defendant Armstrong was involved with Scientology from 1969 through
1981, a period spanning 12 years.  During that time he was a dedicated
and devoted member who revered the founder, L.  Ron Hubbard.  There was
little that Defendant Armstrong would not do for Hubbard or the
Organization.  He gave up formal education, one-third of his life, money
and anything he could give in order to further the goals of Scientology,
goals he believed were based upon the truth, honesty, integrity of
Hubbard and the Organization.
     From 1971 through 1981, Defendant Armstrong was a member of the Sea
Organization, a group of highly trained scientologists who were
considered the upper echelon of the Scientology organization.  During
those years he was placed in various locations, but it was never made
clear to him exactly which Scientology corporation he was working for.
Defendant Armstrong understood that, ultimately, he was working for L.
Ron Hubbard, who controlled all Scientology finances, personnel, and
operations while Defendant was in the Sea Organization.
     Beginning in 1979 Defendant Armstrong resided at Gilman Hot
Springs, California, in Hubbard's "Household Unit." The Household Unit
took care of the personal wishes and needs of Hubbard at many levels.
Defendant Armstrong acted as the L.  Ron Hubbard Renovations In-Charge
and was responsible for renovations, decoration, and maintenance of
Hubbard's home and office at Gilman Hot Springs.
     In January of 1980 there was an announcement of a possible raid to
be made by the FBI or other law enforcement agencies of the property.
Everyone on the property was required by Hubbard's representatives, the
Commodore's Messengers, to go through all documents located on the
property and "vet" or destroy anything which showed that Hubbard
controlled Scientology organizations, retained financial control, or was
issuing orders to people at Gilman Hot Springs.
     A commercial paper shredder was rented and operated day and night
for two weeks to destroy hundreds of thousands of pages of documents.
     During the period of shredding, Brenda Black, the individual
responsible for storage of Hubbard's personal belongings at Gilman Hot
Sprints, came to Defendant Armstrong with a box of documents and asked
whether they were to be shredded.  Defendant Armstrong reviewed the
documents and found that they consisted of a wide variety of documents
including Hubbard's personal papers, diaries, and other writings form a
time before he started Dianetics in 1950, together with documents
belonging to third persons which had apparently been stolen by Hubbard
or his agents.  Defendant Armstrong took the documents from Ms.  Black
and placed them in a safe location on the property.  He then searched
for and located another twenty or more boxes containing similar
materials, which were poorly maintained.
     On January 8, 1980, Defendant Armstrong wrote a petition to Hubbard
requesting his permission to perform the research for a biography to be
done about his life.  The petition states that Defendant Armstrong had
located the subject materials and lists of a number of activities he
wished to perform in connection with the biography research.
     Hubbard approved the petition, and Defendant Armstrong became the
L.  Ron Hubbard Personal Relations Officer Researcher (PPRO Res).
Defendant claims that this petition and its approval forms the basis for
a contract between Defendant and Hubbard.  Defendant Armstrong's
supervisor was then Laurel Sullivan, L.  Ron Hubbard's Personal Public
Relations Officers.
     During the first part of 1980, Defendant Armstrong moved all of the
L.  Jron Hubbard Archives materials he had located at Gilman Hot Springs
to an office in the Church of Scientology Cedars Complex in Los Angeles.
These materials comprised approximately six file cabinets.  Defendant
Armstrong had located himself in the Cedars Complex, because he was also
involved in "Mission Corporate Category Sort-Out," a mission to work out
legal strategy.  Defendant Armstrong was involved with this mission
until June of 1990.
     It was also during this early part of 1980 that Hubbard left the
location in Gilman Hot Springs, California, and went into hiding.
Although Defendant Armstrong was advised by Laurel Sullivan that no one
could communicate with Hubbard, Defendant Armstrong knew that the
ability for communication existed, because he had forwarded materials to
Hubbard at his request in mid-1980.
     Because of this purported inability to communicate with Hubbard,
Defendant Armstrong's request to purchase biographical materials of
Hubbard from people who offered them for sale went to the Commodore's
Messenger Organization, the personal representatives of Hubbard.
     In June of 1980 Defendant Armstrong became involved in the
selection of a writer for the Hubbard biography.  Defendant Armstrong
learned that Hubbard had approved of a biography proposal prepared by
Omar Garrison, a writer who was not a member of Scientology.  Defendant
Armstrong had meetings with Mr.  Garrison regarding the writing of the
biography and what documentation and assistance would be made available
to him.  As understood by Mr.  Garrison, Defendant Armstrong represented
Hubbard in these discussions.
     Mr.  Garrison was advised that the research material he would have
at his disposal were Hubbard's personal archives.  Mr.  Garrison would
only undertake a writing of the biography if the materials provided to
him were from Hubbard's personal archives, and only if his manuscript
was subject to the approval of Hubbard himself.
     In October of 1980 Mr.  Garrison came to Los Angeles and was toured
through the Hubbard archives materials that Defendant Armstrong had
assembled up to that time.  This was an important "selling point" in
obtaining Mr.  Garrison's agreement to write the biography.  On October
30, 1980, an agreement was entered into between Ralston-Pilot, ncv.
F/S/O Omar V.  Garrison, and AOSH'DC Publications of Copenhagen,
Denmark, for the writing of biography of Hubbard.
     Paragraph 10B of the agreement states that:
     "Publisher shall use its best efforts to provide Author with an
office, an officer assistant and/or research assistant, office supplies
and any needed archival and interview materials in connection with the
writing of the Work."
     The "research assistant" provided to Mr.  Garrison was Defendant
     During 1980 Defendant Armstrong exchanged correspondence with
Intervenor regarding the biography project.  Following his approval by
Hubbard as biography researcher, Defendant Armstrong wrote to Intervenor
on February 5, 1980, advising her of the scope of the project.  In the
letter Defendant stated that he had found documents which included
Hubbard's diary from his Orient trip, poems, essays from his youth, and
several personal letters, as well as other things.
     By letter of February 11, 1980, Intervenor responded to Defendant,
acknowledging that he would be carrying out the duties of Biography
     On October 14, 1980, Defendant Armstrong again wrote to Intervenor,
updating her on "Archives materials" and proposing certain guidelines
for the handling of those materials.
     It was Intervenor who, in early 1981, ordered certain biographical
materials from "Controller Archives" to be delivered to Defendant
Armstrong.  These materials consisted of several letters written by
Hubbard in the 1920's and 1930's, Hubbard's Boy Scout books and
materials, several old Hubbard family photographs, a diary kept by
Hubbard in his youth, and several other items.
     Defendant Armstrong received these materials upon the order of
Intervenor, following his letter of October 15, 1980, to her in which
Defendant stated, at page 7, that there were materials in the
"Controller Archives" that would be helpful to him in the biography
     After these materials were delivered to Defendant Armstrong,
Intervenor was removed from her Scientology position of Controller in
1981, presumably because of her conviction for the felony of obstruction
of justice in connection with the theft of Scientology documents form
various governments offices and agencies in Washington, D.C.
     During the time Defendant Armstrong worked on the biography project
and acted as Hubbard Archivist, there was never any mention that he was
not to be dealing with Hubbard's personal documents or that the delivery
of those document to Mr.  Garrison was not authorized.
     For the first year or more of the Hubbard biography and archive
project, funding came form Hubbard's personal staff unit at Gilman Hot
Springs, California.  In early 1981, however, Defendant Armstrong's
supervisor, Laurel Sullivan, ordered him to request that funding come
from what was known as SEA Org Reserves.  Approval for this change in
funding came from the SEA Org Reserves Chief and Watch Dog Committee,
the top Commodores Messenger Organization unit, who were Hubbard's
personal representatives.
     >From November of 1980 through 1981, Defendant Armstrong worked
closely with Mr.  Garrison, assembled Hubbard's archives into logical
categories, copying them and arranging the copies of the Archives
materials into bound volumes.  Defendant Armstrong made two copies of
almost all documents copied for Mr.  Garrison - one for Mr.  Garrison
and the other to remain in Hubbard Archives for reference or recopying.
Defendant Armstrong created approximately 400 binders of documents.  The
vast majority of the documents for Mr.  Garrison cam from Hubbard's
personal Archives, of which Defendant Armstrong was in charge.
Materials which came from other Archives, such as the Controller
Archives, were provided to Defendant Armstrong by Scientology staff
members who had these documents in their cars.
     It was not until late 1981 that Plaintiff was to provide person to
assist on the biography project by providing Mr.  Garrison with
"Guardian Office" materials, otherwise described as technical materials
relating to the operation of Scientology.  The individual appointed for
this task was Vaughn Young.  Controller Archives and Guardian Office
Archives had a connection to the Hubbard Archives, which Defendant
Armstrong created and maintained as Hubbard's personal materials.
     In addition to the assemblage of Hubbard's Archives, Defendant
Armstrong worked continually on researching and assembling materials
concerning Hubbard by interviewing dozens of individuals, including
Hubbard's living aunt, uncle, and four cousins.  Defendant Armstrong did
a genealogy study of Hubbard's family and collected, assembled, and read
hundreds of thousands of pages of documentation in Hubbard's Archives.
     During 1980 Defendant Armstrong remained convinced of Hubbard's
honesty and integrity and believed that the representation he had made
about himself in various publication were truthful.  Defendant Armstrong
was devoted Hubbard and was convinced that any information which he
discovered to be unflattering of Hubbard or contradictory to what
Hubbard has said about himself, was a lie being spread by Hubbard's
enemies.  Even when Defendant Armstrong located documents in Hubbard's
Archives which indicated that representations made by Hubbard and the
Organization were untrue, Defendant Armstrong would find some means to
"explain away" the contradictory information.
     Slowly, however, throughout 1981, Defendant Armstrong began to see
that Hubbard and the Organization had continuously lied about Hubbard's
past, his credentials, and his accomplishments.  Defendant Armstrong
believed, in good faith, that the only means by which Scientology could
succeed in what Defendant Armstrong believed was its goal of creating an
ethical environment on earth, and the only way Hubbard could be free of
his critics, would be for Hubbard and the Organization to discontinue
the lies about Hubbard's past, his credentials and accomplishments.
Defendant Armstrong resisted any public relations piece or announcement
about Hubbard which the L.  Ron Hubbard Public Relations Bureau proposed
for publication which was not factual.  Defendant Armstrong attempted to
change and make accurate the various "about the author" sections in
Scientology books, and further, Defendant rewrote or critique several of
these and other publications for the L.  Ron Hubbard Public Relations
Bureau and various Scientology Organizations Defendant Armstrong
believed and desired that the Scientology Organization and its leader
discontinue the perpetration of the massive fraud upon the innocent
followers of Scientology, and the public at large.
     Because of Defendant Armstrong's actions, in late November of 1981,
Defendant was requested to come to Gilman Hot Springs by Commodores
Messenger Organization Executive, Cirrus Slevin.  Defendant Armstrong
was ordered to undergo a "security check," which involved Defendant
Armstrong's interrogation while connected to a crude Scientology lie
detector machine called an E-meter.
     The Organization wished to determine what materials Defendant
Armstrong had provided to Omar Garrison.  Defendant Armstrong was struck
by the realization that the Organization would not work with him to
correct the numerous fraudulent representations made to followers of
Scientology and the public about L.  Ron Hubbard and the Organization
itself.  Defendant Armstrong, who, for twelve years of his life, had
placed his complete and full trust in Mr.  and Mrs.  Hubbard and the
Scientology Organization, saw that his trust had no meaning and that the
massive frauds perpetrated about Hubbard's past, credentials, and
accomplishments would continue to be spread.
     Less than three weeks before Defendant Armstrong left Scientology,
he wrote a letter to Cirrus Slevin on November 25, 1981, in which it is
clear that his intentions in airing the inaccuracies, falsehoods, and
frauds regarding Hubbard were done in good faith.  In his letter he
stated as follows:
     "If we present inaccuracies, hyperbole or downright lies or truth,
it doesn't matter what slant we give them, if disproved the man will
look, to outsiders at least, like a charlatan.  This is what I'm trying
to prevent and what I've been working on the past year and a half.
     * * *
     "and that is why I said to Norman that it is up to us to insure
that everything which goes out about LRH is one hundred percent
accurate.  That is not to say that opinions can't be voiced, they can.
And they can contain all the hype you want.  But they should not be
construed as facts.  And anything stated as a fact should be
documentable.  "we are in a period when 'investigative reporting' is
popular, and when there is relatively easy access to documentation on a
person.  We can't delude ourselves I believe, if we want to gain public
acceptance and cause some betterment in society, that we can get away
with statements, the validity of which we don't know.
     "The real disservice to LRH, and the ultimate make-wrong is to go
on assuming that everything he's ever written or said is one hundred
percent accurate an publish it as such without verifying it.  I'm
talking here about biographical or non-technical writings.  This only
leads, should any of his statements turn out to be inaccurate, to a
make-wrong of him, consequently his technology.
     "That's what I'm trying to remedy and prevent.
     * * *
     "To say that LRH is not capable of hype, errors or lies is
certainly [sic] not granting him much of a beingness.  To continue on
with the line that he has never erred nor lied is counterproductive.  It
is an unreal attitude and too far removed from both the reality and
people in general that it would widen public unacceptance.
     * * *
     ".  .  .  That is why I feel the falsities must be corrected, and
why we must verify our facts and present them in a favorable light."
     The remainder of the letter contains examples of facts about
Hubbard which Defendant Armstrong found to be wholly untrue or
inaccurate and which were represented as true by the Hubbards and the
Scientology Organization.
     In December of 1981 Defendant Armstrong made the decision to leave
the Church of Scientology.  In order to continue in his commitment to
Hubbard and Mr.  Garrison in the biography project, he copied a large
quantity of documents, which Mr.  Garrison had requested or which would
be useful to him for the biography.  Defendant Armstrong delivered all
of this material to Mr.  Garrison the date he left the SEA Organization
and kept nothing in his possession.
     Thereafter, Defendant Armstrong maintained friendly relations with
Hubbard's representatives by returning to the Archives offices and
discussing the various categories of materials.  In fact on February 24,
1982, Defendant Armstrong wrote to Vaughn Young, regarding certain
materials Mr.  Young was unable to locate for Omar Garrison.
     After this letter was written, Defendant Armstrong went to the
Archives office and located certain materials Mr.  Garrison had wanted
which Hubbard representatives claimed they could not located.
     At the time Defendant Armstrong left the SEA Organization, he was
disappointed with Scientology and Hubbard, and also felt deceived by
them.  However, Defendant Armstrong felt he had no enemies and felt no
it will toward anyone in the Organization or Hubbard, but still believed
that a truthful biography should be written.
     After leaving the SEA Organization, Defendant Armstrong continued
to assist Mr.  Garrison with the Hubbard biography project.  In the
spring of 1982, Defendant Armstrong at Mr.  Garrison's request,
transcribed some of his interview tapes, copied some of the
documentation he had, and assembled several more binders of copied
materials.  Defendant Armstrong also set up shelves for Mr.  Garrison
for all the biography research materials, worked on a cross-reference
systems, and continued to do library research for the biography.
     On February 18, 1982, the Church of Scientology International
issued a "Suppressive Person Declare Gerry Armstrong," which is an
official Scientology document issued against individuals who are
considered as enemies of the Organization.  Said Suppressive Person
Declare charged that Defendant Armstrong had taken an unauthorized leave
and that he was spreading destructive rumors about Senior
     Defendant Armstrong was unaware of said Suppressive Person Declare
until April of 1982.  A that time a revised Declare was issued on April
22, 1982.  Said Declare charged Defendant Armstrong with 18 different
"Crimes and High Crimes and Suppressive Acts Against the Church." The
charges included theft, juggling accounts, obtaining loans on money
under false pretenses, promulgating false information about the Church,
its founder, and members, and other untruthful allegations designed to
make Defendant Armstrong an appropriate subject of the Scientology "Fair
Game Doctrine." Said Doctrine allows any suppressive person to be
"tricked, cheated, lied to, sued, or destroyed."
     The second declare was issued shortly after Defendant Armstrong
attempted to sell photographs of his wedding on board Hubbard's ship (in
which Hubbard appears), and photographs belonging to some of his
friends, which also included photos of L.R.  Hubbard while in seclusion.
Although Defendant Armstrong delivered the photographs to a Virgil
Wilhite for sale, he never received payment or return of his friend's
photographs.  When he became aware that the Church had these
photographs, he went to the Organization to request their return.  A
loud and boisterous argument ensued, and he eventually was told to leave
the premises and get an attorney.
     >From his extensive knowledge of the covert and intelligence
operations carried out by the Church of Scientology of California
against its enemies (suppressive persons), Defendant Armstrong became
terrified and feared that his life and the life of his wife were in
danger, and he also feared he would be the target of costly and
harassing lawsuits.  In addition, Mr.  Garrison became afraid for the
security of the documents and believed that the intelligence network of
the Church of Scientology would break and enter his home to retrieve
them.  Thus, Defendant Armstrong made copies of certain documents for
Mr.  Garrison and maintained them in a separate location.
     It was thereafter, in the summer of 1982, that Defendant Armstrong
asked Mr.  Garrison for copies of documents to sue in his defense and
sent the documents to his attorneys, Michael Flynn and Contos & Bunch.
     After the within suit was filed on August 2, 1982, Defendant
Armstrong was the subject of harassment, including being followed and
surveilled by individuals who admitted employment by Plaintiff; being
assaulted by one of these individuals; being struck bodily by a car
driven by one of these individuals; having two attempts made by said
individuals apparently to involve Defendant Armstrong in a freeway
automobile accident' having said individuals come onto Defendant
Armstrong's property, spy in his windows, create disturbances, and upset
his neighbors.  During trial when it appeared that Howard Schomer (a
former Scientologist) might by called as a defense witness, the Church
engaged in a somewhat sophisticated effort to suppress his testimony.
It is not clear how the Church became aware of defense intentions to
call Mr.  Schomer as a witness, but it is abundantly clear they sought
to entice him back into the fold and prevent his testimony.
Homer Wilson Smith           This file may be found at
homer@rahul.net              ftp.rahul.net/pub/homer/act/CD26.MEMO
Posted to usenet newsgroup:  alt.clearing.technology