In "Character Analysis," Farrar Straus & Giroux, NY l970, Wilhelm Reich reports some observations which apply to TR-0, and of those attitudes which can appear when one is simply there without being "social." He states:

   The patients come .. full of problems .. these problems are directly visible in .. the emotional expression of their bodies.

   If one lets the patient talk at random, one will find that the talking leads away from the problems, that it obscures them in one way or another.

   One has to ask the patient not to talk for a while .. as soon as the patient ceases to talk, the bodily expression of emotion becomes clearly manifest.

   While the patient, during his talking, seemed to smile in a friendly manner, now, in silence, the smile turns into an empty grin the mask-like character of which will soon become obvious even to the patient.

   While the patient, talking, seemed to talk about his life with restrained seriousness, now, in silence, an expression of, say, repressed anger will appear in chin and neck. p.361-2.

   These observations point up some additional aspects of TR-0.


   In "Innovations in Client- Centered Therapy," Ed. by Wexler & Rice, John Wiley, NY 1974; Gendlin makes some observations which can apply to ITSA:

   A round, vague approximation is not yet really listening to someone, and can be a distracting evaluation:

   ".. the client's reaction to the therapist's response is often due to the therapist's inaccuracy. The client .. is trying to hold on to what is felt, despite the inaccurate response.

   "We have found that not only listeners, but also the people being listened to, have the terrible tendency to give up on what is inside, and to settle for round words and concepts. The person is likely to agree easily, "Yea, I guess so .." pp.214-15

   ".. we convey what it is like to get into oneself, to accord oneself a friendly hearing, to allow, without rebutting, the coming up of anything that will be there inwardly. p.220

   ".. most therapy is relatively useless talking. A therapist must strive .. to help the person .. to attend to a bodily felt sense, and to let that live further .. p.222

   "It is safe to let ordinary people learn and practice listening .. p.226

   Mr. Gendlin has also written "Focusing," available in paperback, which can be viewed as a manual on effective Itsa.