.ll 72
.fo off
.co on 
.ce ((Editor's comments in double parenthesis - Homer))
 
.ce Copyright (C) Flemming A. Funch
.ce Redistribution rights granted for non commercial purposes
 
Technical Essay # 64 - FAF 10 November 1991

.ce Two-way Comm


Two-way Comm is general communication to get an as-isness of something. It ends up in an
agreed upon resolution of what is there.

2Way comm can be used in different ways:

1) 	To get any item that can be run
2)	To find out what an area really is, so we can pick the right process to address it
3)	To as-is something in itself.

The first method is when we just start with very general questions and we end as soon as we
have anything that can be run. We are just fishing for any charged item, not for any kind of
resolution of anything.

In the second method we already have a charged subject. We do 2WC to find out more about
it, so that we know what to do about it.  We end when we know how the case in the area is put
together. For example, when we have a service fac or a well defined somatic. Then we switch
to the appropriate subject for that kind of case.

The third way is when we try to resolve the subject with 2WC alone. We keep working with
the same subject until it is as-ised and no longer an issue.

In 2WC the practitioner will use questions that will help the client to learn more about the
subject and see what it really is. Practitioner and client are working together to find out what it
is. It is not just a method of getting the client to talk, the practitioner must be actively interested
in finding out too.

There are different methods of questioning that the practitioner can use:

Promoting itsa:	Asking for thoughts, considerations, feelings, etc on the subject.
Taking charge off:	Prepcheck buttons, non repetitive.
Promoting looking:	"How does it seem to you now?", "What is it?", getting specifics.
Challenging outpts: Fishing for service facs: "Why is that?", "What is behind that?"
			Asking for specifics when they are missing, vague, or general.
			Questioning anything that is "impossible", or that one "has to do"
			Questioning beliefs: "Who says that?", "How do you know that?"
Echoing:		Giving back one's understanding and asking if that is what is meant.

It is important not to Q&A by getting off the subject and not to invalidate or evaluate. The skill
in 2WC is in coaxing the client into looking in the right places without violating the code.

Any one of the questioning methods can be done in a distracting, invalidative, evaluative way
that wouldn't work. What makes the difference is probably how well the practitioner is in ARC
with the client. The practitioner shouldn't oppose or judge, but only assist looking and
understanding.

FAF 23 Nov 1991

.ce Processing


Clearing can be regarded as a special case of an activity called Processing.

I am using "Processing" here in a wider meaning than as just another word for Clearing.
Processing is any well-defined communication activity that is promoting change towards a
positive outcome. A Process is the specific activity that is taking place.

Communication Exercises (TRs) are a type of processes. If you sit down in front of another
person and look at him/her and go through the various phenomena that happen until such a
point where you can be there comfortably and confront - then you have just completed a
process. That is not Clearing per se, but it is a process.

You might put together a group of people in a room and deliver a dynamic and exhilarating
speech to them, and they might all get inspired to go out and do wonderful things afterwards.
That has nothing to do with Clearing, but a type of process did take place.

What it comes down to is that you can make people change their minds for the better by
communicating with them. If you do it in a well-defined way, based on some sort of rules, then
you are doing processing.

Be aware that there are many more ways of changing people than by sitting down with a
meter and asking them questions in a non-evaluative way. Clearing is probably one of the
most profound ways, but it is not the only one.

Some types of processing will even violate the code for clearing. Like with doing bull baiting
in the Communication Exercises. Invalidation and evaluation are perfectly fine there. But they
are used with the intention of producing a positive outcome.

Different types of processing employ different degrees and combinations of as-isness and
programming. In typical Clearing we try to as-is things as thoroughly and non-evaluatively as
possible and we don't propose any new patterns to adopt. In training, such as
Communication Exercises, we dictate the exact outcome that is required and we ignore all
the reasons (case) the client has for not being able to do it.

It is interesting to note that "Processsing" is now a commonly used word between therapists
of many different kinds. If you proclaim that you are doing Processes with people you will
meet agreement and understanding from most modern therapists, particularly the ones with a
more progressive or new age orientation.


FAF 23 Nov 1991

.ce An Introduction to NLP


Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is not clearing per se. However, it is a related subject
that provides many tools useful to clearing practitioners and many processes that can
supplement and expand the ones we already have.

NLP was developed in the mid seventies by two professors at Santa Cruz university: Richard
Bandler, a mathematician and computer programmer, and John Grinder, an expert in
linguistics and semantics. It is based on the desire to chart out the factors involved in good
communication and particularly the type of communication that promotes positive change in
oneself and others. The approach that Bandler and Grinder used was to study highly
successful communicators and therapists and to model exactly what it is they do to be
successful.

A basic skill in NLP is Sensory Acuity. That translates quite well into Obnosis. It is the
observation of what people are really doing, what their indicators are, and what that tells us
about their state of mind. It is vastly more refined than just a list of good and bad indicators.
Just by observing a person you can get a lot of detailed information about them. You can
know if they are stuck in something, or released; if they are in or out of valence; if they are
remembering or mocking up; if they are accessing pictures, sounds, or feelings; if they are
talking to themselves, etc. The body posture, rate of breathing, movement of the eyes, skin
color, mode of speech, selection of words, etc, will tell you all these things quite reliably. It
doesn't just tell you that something "reads", but also how and what it probably is.

Equally important are skills for the establishment of Rapport. Rapport means about the same
as ARC. So it is how you get into ARC with somebody and how you get them in-session. The
NLP rapport skills are centered around duplicating the other person. You can duplicate
somebody with your body posture, rate of speaking or breathing, choice of words, etc, and
you are likely to achieve better rapport. There is no good reason for not being able to get into
rapport with anybody, as long as you notice where the person is at and approximate it.

Pacing and Leading is the equivalent of our: first you get into ARC with the person then you
do something for him. Pacing means that you match and duplicate the person in order to
establish rapport. Once you have the rapport you would want to do something with it, that is
the Leading. For a salesman it might mean convincing the person to buy something. For a
therapist it would mean helping the person to change his mind for the better. Pacing and
Leading is also the way we get a person up the tone scale: first you approximate where he is
at, then you lead him to a higher level and he will follow.

NLP uses somewhat different pre-suppositions about the mind than what is common in
clearing. For one thing the sub-conscious mind is not regarded as something bad and
undesirable that one needs to get rid of. The idea is rather to adjust it to do things that are
useful for you. Changing responses of feeling bad or stuck into the ability to feel good and be
resourceful whenever one wants to.

Most of the processes of NLP will appear to someone familiar with clearing as creative
processing. Creative processes are being used to get the client to change his considerations
for the better. A basic pre-supposition is that the person is cause over his own mind and that
he can change any non-optimum condition if he knows what it is and he knows how to do it.

As I see it there is no point in being stuck with any particular system of therapy. Each system
seems to have its own belief system that you use as a model to get the client to change.
However any model is only a model. Any tool you can learn that makes you more able to
change people's lives improves what you are doing. The business we are in is basically to
get people to change their minds and be better off for that.