Copyright 1997

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In this late stage of our existence, we often see patterns
of behavior where one person tries to harm another.  

We have been playing games of conflict and domination for a
long time.  Even those who embrace high moral codes are
often in nothing more than a temporary period of repentance 
rather than any true abandonment of strife as can be seen 
from the vigor with which they pursue the punishment of

A truly high sense of ethics would include the acceptance
and forgiveness of others, as we have touched on in the
previous chapter.

So let us, for the moment, put aside the subject of one's
moral justifications (which will be looked in another 
chapter) and simply consider the mechanisms that come into 
play when one being harms another.

First there is the commission of an act which is overtly
harmful to another or others.  We are not now talking about
the rightness or wrongness of the act or the intentions
behind it, but simply the doing of it.  These are often 
called Overts in Scientology.

Then there is the tendency to keep the scales in balance.
One has been hit and therefore one feels that one can hit
back.  And so one claims that the harm that one has done
was motivated by the harm that was done to one.  But
in insisting that the harm be balanced, one is left with
unmotivated harmful acts that must be balanced by future
motivators of harm that one feels that one deserves to

This pattern of committing unmotivated Overt acts and then 
receiving subsequent Motivators where the same harm happens
to oneself is called the Overt-Motivator sequence and is,
to all intents and purposes, the actual mechanism of
the Karma that is described in eastern practices.  But we 
have a higher view of this mechanism, namely that the karma
is not imposed from outside.  The person imposes it upon

And finally there is the withholding of the harm that
one has done, the guilt and secrecy and the inward collapse
that occurs as one withdraws from the community of others.

We will be looking at these things in this chapter, but
let us begin by considering some underlying basics.

19.1 The duplication of reality

At basic, reality is nothing more than a shared illusion
projected by the spirit.

But the separated fragments maintain distance and communication
rather than total identification with each other so that
individuality and creation may manifest.

But communication creates a duplication between the source
and recipient.  Each party could be said to be creating
the communication within their own universes and bringing
them into synchronization so that there is a duplication
from the one to the other.

All of reality could be looked upon as a continuous 
communication from each of us to the others.

We have already done some processing in this area,
especially in the chapter on duplication.

There is always some identification and synchronization
between parties that are in communication with each

This also applies to physical communications.  Whether
you hug somebody or hit them, at the deepest levels there
is a visualization of the reality and the copying of
that reality between the parties involved.  Both the
source and effect roles are within the individual universes
of both of the beings involved in the interaction.

This makes it extremely easy to feel an interaction from
the other side or to duplicate the opposite role.

This is quite desirable if the interaction is one that
is desirable for both parties involved.

And it opens the gates to hell if the interaction is
harmful because the perpetrator also creates the victim's
role and vise versa and the two may slide down through
time bouncing back and forth between the two roles.

Hence we have the golden rule of do unto others.  But
it is not merely the action but the entire experience
from another's viewpoint which one must be willing to accept.
It is not whether you would like it from your viewpoint,
but whether you would like it from their viewpoint, with
all the attendant ramifications.

But we are interacting with each other all the time.  These
interactions do not necessarily persist and the duplications
are not necessarily compulsive.

The monitoring factor is non-confront.  When one is unwilling
to experience the effect created, when one is unwilling
to confront the opposing role, then it hangs there waiting
for one.

As a first step, we will work with the positive rather than
the negative aspect of this.  Just as we did with recalling 
pleasure moments, working the positive aspect draws attention 
and energy out of the stuck negative points, weakening them
and building up your horsepower so that you will have an
easier time of it when you do confront them.

To begin with, run the following commands alternately:

a) Recall a time that was pleasant both for you and
somebody else

b) Run through the experience from their viewpoint, trying
to feel how they might have felt.

19.2 Other's Sensations

The drill is to feel and experience things from other 
people's viewpoints.

If you do not have a lot of physical contact with others,
you may have to work this one gradually over the course
of days or weeks as opportunities present themselves.  But
do make a point of doing it, even if you move on to the
next drill for practical reasons.

The emphasis here is on pleasant interaction with others
and attempting to duplicate their senses and impressions
from their viewpoint.

You can do this by simply imagining how you look or sound
to somebody as you talk to them, but the best effect is
gained when there is tactile contact and you attempt
to feel the contact from their side.

Ideal is to have a friend or partner who will drill this
with you so that you can exercise a particular action
repetitively.  Simply shake hands or put you arm around
their shoulder over and over again and each time try to
get their side of the sensation.

You can also work this by petting an animal such as a
cat and each time getting the sensation from their side.

A good masseuse or chiropractor will often do this 
instinctively, trying to feel the effect that they are
creating, it improves their helpfulness and accuracy.

And you can do a bit of this covertly, simply trying
to feel what others feel when you shake hands or 

This feeling of other's sensations is generally at
maximum during the sex act.  If there is care and feeling
involved rather than simple physical lust, partners
often feel a bit of each other's sensations without
even trying.  If the opportunity presents itself,
make a point of doing this consciously.

19.3 Karma

There may be a time when you felt that you harmed someone else.
It may have been malicious harm, or it may have been an
accident, or it might even have been done to protect others.

If it was non-confronted, it may be waiting in the wings.
You might be primed to experience the effect that you created.

The simple solution is to confront it now, and to experience
the effect in mocked up form.  Once you have confronted it,
there will be no further need for you to drag it along with
you or to plan future lessons for yourself at some subconscious

Of course many things are not "charged up" at the moment.
Much lies dormant.  That is how you get away with so much for
so long.

In actual fact this mechanism is not helpful and does not
even improve one's morality.  The balancing retribution

generally strikes at times so far removed from the original
overts that no learning or improvement in behavior takes

If you have any qualms about undoing a mechanism of retribution,
please realize that you will get much better behavior from
somebody who can experience things from other's viewpoints
than you will from somebody who has been browbeaten by
a mechanism which never did work properly.

Run this as follows:

Pick an experience where you harmed someone.  Begin with
light experiences, especially one's that you regretted,
perhaps an unkind word or hurting someone's feelings.
Work up to the more difficult ones rather than diving
for them immediately.

Visualize the experience from the victim's viewpoint, 
seeing how they felt at the time.

If this does not immediately dissolve with a bit of
relief, then alternately spot your action and look at
it from the other person's viewpoint again.

If it seems to go solid instead of releasing, then look
for an earlier similar incident and run it as above.

If the victim was not present when the harm was done,
such as denting a parked car, then visualize how they
might feel when they discover the damage.

If the overt was against a group or society, visualize
individuals and how they might be affected.

Run through whatever harmful deeds come to mind until
they cease to present themselves.  Then go on to
the next section.

19.4 The Victim's Side

This non-confront and pulling in of the opposite side
can also happen to the victim.  People often dramatize
what was done to them by doing it to others.

Again begin with very light incidents such as being
teased or invalidated and gradually working up to
heavier incidents.

Run them as above, visualizing the abuser's side
and confronting their viewpoint (which might be
quite unpleasant) fully.

When an incident releases, you should be capable of
confronting doing it but have no urge or desire
to do it.  There might be times when you do have
to hurt somebody (fighting off an attacker for
example), so you should be capable of confronting
doing any action, but you should have no need or
compulsion to do so.

19.5 More on Overts

Now for any area where you are having serious difficulty
or getting into trouble, check whether there is some
harm that you have done and release it using the
process given in 19.3 above.

Note that this is not the only reason that things
happen to you.  All undesired effects are not due to
your karma coming home to roost.  And it is not the
only reason for difficulty in an area.

But if trouble is persisting despite your efforts
to confront or handle it, this is one of the prime

In general you should favor running the overt side
in processing because it is at least causative rather
than being at effect.  You will also need to confront
what has been done to you, but if you dwell on that
too much you may tend to become effect of your
environment rather than taking control over it.

Note that the majority of your environment simply
stems from living life rather than being a pull-in
of some karmic destiny.  If you maintain a causative
viewpoint, you have control and if you maintain
a view of being at effect, you are prey to every
ill wind that blows.

19.6 Withholds

In withholding things, the being restrains his own actions and
cuts down his horsepower.

Note that withholding something is different from simply not
saying something.  The withhold is an active restraint.  You
are under no compulsion to tell everybody everything under
the sun moon and stars.  But when you begin to work to hold
things back, you hold yourself back as well.

There are a number of reasons why somebody might withhold

The first is from helpful intentions in the same manner as
a white lie.  One might, for example, encourage somebody
who is beginning to paint and withhold one's actual opinion
of their first painting expecting that they will do better

on the second one.

The second is for social reasons.  One might have things
which one does not consider to be harmful acts but which
one considers to be socially unacceptable for one reason or 
another.  Usually these are simple embarrassments or 
disagreements with society about what is proper behavior,
but at the extremes these can be life threatening situations
such as that of the Jews under Hitler.

The third is of course the obvious one of having done something
which one considers to have been wrong or harmful and feeling
that one must hide it.  This one has the additional 
ramifications of guilt and retribution (discussed above).

But all three can give one trouble on the basis of withholding.

When you withhold too much, you will cut your own communication
lines and, as discussed earlier in the book, cut communications
lead to problems and other difficulties.

Also, the action of withholding tends to be introverting,
shifting one into an "effect" viewpoint rather than a causative
one, which leaves one at the effect of life instead of in

Furthermore, withholding is a pulling back and that tends
to cause one to pull in motivators for one's overts.

Therefore, it is desirable to eliminate withholding entirely.
If necessary, one can choose not to mention something
without actively withholding it.  That is also non-optimum
because it puts some restraint on communication, but it does 
not have the liabilities of a true withhold.  And in many
cases you will find that it is better to come clean.
But it is best to get the charge off of the withhold first,
because your judgment will be poor in areas where you have
significant withholds.

This can be handled in a manner similar to that used for
communication in an earlier chapter.

Get a stack of paper and start writing confessions.  Do
it in explicit detail.  Address them to people or groups
that you are withholding things from.

Cover anything that you might be withholding from anyone.
Especially misdeeds, but even things that you think are
justified or for other people's good.

Continue until you feel that you have really told all
and are hiding or withholding nothing.  You should have
a feeling of having opened up completely and purged
yourself.  Confession is good for the soul.

Then burn them.

After they are burnt, look around freshly at whoever
you have been withholding things from.

Consider if it is now appropriate to communicate the
various things that you have been withholding.  In some
cases it will be and you should do so to lay that matter
to rest.  In some cases it might even be appropriate to
make some sort of amends or offer apologies, in which
case you should do so.

And if it doesn't seem appropriate and you feel comfortable
about that and can simply drop the matter without your
attention fixating, then do so and simply don't originate
the communication.

But if you feel withholdy, guilty, or have an urge to
attack or make less of the person, or on the other hand
have an uncontrollable urge to blab, then there is more
charge in the area.

In that case, either the above process is incomplete
and there is more to be done on it, or the missed
withhold phenomena discussed in the next section needs
to be handled.

Check over the next section first, and if that doesn't
clear things up completely, then go back and write more 
confessions and burn them as above.  Then come back 
to this step.

19.7 The Missed Withhold

If a withhold is nearly discovered, it is stirred up.  And
if you are uncertain as to whether or not it has been found
out, that stirs it up even further.  In these cases, the
withhold is said to have been missed.  Somebody almost found
it out (or did find out but you are not certain) but missed

This can cause one's attention to fixate.  It is one of
the most troublesome phenomena in this area.

One may become critical of the person that missed it.  This
is not the only reason for criticism, but it is a common
reason.  One is trying to make less of the other person's 

judgment and credibility because they might reveal one's 

Take note, if somebody suddenly becomes highly critical
of you without apparent cause (you didn't just wreck their
car or something), you might just have missed some hot
withhold of theirs.  If so, your best course is usually
to try to second guess it and attempt to make it safe
enough for them to actually tell you.

As for your own missed withholds, if one of these is causing
your attention to fixate or troubling you with fear of
discovery, you need to handle it.  And if this occurs anytime
in the course of self processing, you should just take it
up immediately and get it out of the way because it tends
to capture too much of one's attention.

To clear a missed withhold, begin by writing out what
you did, including the exact time and place and what was
done and anything else you are withholding about it.
If there was direct harm to another, also confront their
viewpoint as discussed earlier.

Then spot who missed the withhold and what they did that
missed it.  Repeat this, spotting who else missed it
until the charge is relieved.

If you can't get it to release, then look for an earlier
similar missed withhold.

As mentioned in the previous section, once the charge is
really gone you shouldn't have to tell the person but
it might be optimum to do so.  Get rid of the charge first,
because the presence of charge destroys your judgment.
After it is gone, take a sane and sensible look at the
matter both from your viewpoint and from theirs and
evaluate what would be the optimum action.

We will be discussing ethics and morality eventually, 
but for now your best rule of thumb is to get rid of the
charge first and then trust your instincts.



Here we are going to try and take a step further out of 
the struggle and conflict that is often the anatomy of

But the idea here is not to disconnect and turn your back
on things but instead to move up out of the mud into higher
levels of beauty and interest.

20.1 Places where you are not.

The process is to close your eyes and spot places where you
are not.  Spot many many places.

This is to some degree a trick question because in checking
that you are not somewhere, you tend to look at it and you 
will find that your exterior perceptions improve as you do

But this drill is also practicing truth, because you were never
really located anywhere in the first place.  Its only a game
that beings play, pretending to be in the locations where they
perceive or operate.

Continue this until you feel that you are exterior.  Don't worry
about it if your perceptions are poor or inaccurate.

Many of the following processes will ask you to look around
a city or populated area.  This is done with your eyes closed
using an exterior view.  If you have trouble doing this, you
can repeat this process or the ones in the earlier chapter
on exteriorization.  Note that your perceptions are not
expected to be good, just spot things anyway.

20.2  Attacking

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

Alternate these commands, spotting a few people on each one
before going on to the next one.

a) Spot some people who are not attacking you
b) Spot some people that you are not attacking
c) Spot some people who are not attacking each other

20.3  Hatred

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

Alternate these commands, spotting a few people on each one
before going on to the next one.

a) Spot some people who do not hate you
b) Spot some people who you do not hate
c) Spot some people who don't hate each other

20.4 Orders

Run as in 20.2 above

a) Spot some people who are not giving you orders.
b) Spot some people who you are not giving orders to.
c) Spot some people who are not giving orders to others.
d) Spot some people who are not receiving orders from others.

e) Spot some people who are not giving orders to themselves.

20.5 Beautiful Things

Run as in 20.2 above

a) Spot some things that are beautiful to look at
b) Spot some things that another would find beautiful to look at
c) Spot some people who are looking at beautiful things
d) Spot some people who are showing others beautiful things

20.6 Safe

a) Spot some places where you would be safe
b) Spot some places where another would be safe
c) Spot some places where your body would be safe
d) Spot some places where others bodies would be safe

20.7 Games

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

a) Spot a desirable game
b) Spot an undesirable game


a) What game would you be willing to play
b) What game would another be willing to play
c) What game would you be willing to let another play

20.9 Inventing Games

You don't have to work the games out in detail.  Just invent
things and visualize them.  The wilder the better.  They don't
have to be original.

a) Invent a desirable game
b) Invent an undesirable game

20.10 Goals

a) Think of some goals you do not have.
b) Think of some goals that others do not have.
c) Think of some goals that you don't have for another person.
d) Think of some goals that another person doesn't have for you.
e) Think of some goals that another person doesn't have for others.

20.11 More on Goals

a) Think of a desirable goal
b) Think of an undesirable goal
c) Think of a goal that others would find desirable
d) Think of a goal that others would find undesirable

20.12 Emotions

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

For each of the following emotions, spot somebody who is feeling
that emotion, connect to them, and share it with them for a
moment.  Then disconnect and go on to the next emotion.

Do each one in sequence over and over again.  Once you feel
really good about experiencing other's emotions, continue
the process until you reach cheerfulness again.  End the
process on cheerfulness.

a) apathy
b) grief
c) fear
d) anger
e) antagonism
f) boredom
g) conservatism
h) cheerfulness or enthusiasm

20.13 Control

a) what would you be willing to control
b) what would you be willing to leave uncontrolled
c) what would you be willing to have another control
d) what would you be willing to have another leave uncontrolled
e) what would another be willing to control
f) what would another be willing to leave uncontrolled

20.14 Awareness

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

Spot people and postulate greater awareness into them (intend that
they be more aware).

20.15 Doing Better

Look around a large city or populated area using an exterior

Spot people and postulate that they will do better in life.



Affinity (or liking), Reality (or agreement), and Communication
form an inter-related triangle that tends to increase or decrease
as a unit.  The effect is so common that Scientology refers to
this as the ARC triangle.

As the ARC for something is increased, you will also find that
one comes to a greater understanding of it, therefore you will
also see the equation ARC = Understanding.  A useful technique
for teachers is to raise the student's ARC for the subject
being studied because they will understand it more easily.
The techniques that we discussed in the chapter on study
are actually built on this idea of increasing A or R or C in
the area being studied.

Again we have an inter-related feedback effect.  As you 
communicate more, you tend to like somebody better and come
into closer agreement and therefore you are even more inclined
to communicate with them.

This is not an absolute fact.  You are not forced to agree by
the mere act of communicating.  But there is a tendency in
this direction by the simple fact of finding out more and

coming to a greater understanding.

These factors of ARC could be thought of as flowing or
interchanging between beings.  People communicate, they like
each other, they agree with each other and so forth.  Or
they break and reject these connections.

Sometimes these breaks occur for good reason, but the usual
case is that they come about because of mechanics and were
neither necessary nor desirable.

The problem is in the interrelationship of these factors.
A communication is inadvertently cut, for example, and suddenly
one is also dealing with dislike and disagreement.

Furthermore, these things could be said to have mental
energy associated with them.  When ARC is suddenly cut,
there is a tendency for this energy to backup on one.  This
forms, let us say, mental sore spots where further breaks
occur more easily and draw their force from a past history
of earlier similar breaks.

Somebody, for example, who has often had their affinity
rejected will become quite touchy about the subject and tend
to get upset at the slightest hint of rejection.  The solution
is to confront the earlier rejections because that is where
the bulk of the upset is coming from.

And one can break a flow just as easily by enforcing it as
by inhibiting it.  Too much of something can be as undesirable
as its absence.  Being force to agree with something is a
very hot button on most people and will often cause an
instant ARC break.

These ARC breaks are undesirable because the amount of upset
is generally out of proportion to the immediate cause.  

There was, let us say, one specific thing, some particular 
enforcement or rejection of affinity, reality, or communication.
It could perhaps have been handled in a sane and reasonable 
manner if the person had confronted it when it occurred.
But the mental charge of earlier occurrences was stirred up,
so the person became upset instead.

And with the upset, all three factors went bad, so that now
they were out of communication, and in disagreement, and
disliking the person or group or whatever was involved.
Now they have trouble spotting what first went wrong because
other things are wrong too.

And once they are upset, they mishandle things and make 
mistakes and it all gets worse.  Almost inevitably, the advise
given to an upset person is that if they would only calm down,
things would get better.  But in everyday life, this is
usually accomplished by suppressing the upset instead of
confronting the factors involved.  This leaves buried
charge which can again be triggered.

This buried charge weighs one down and makes life miserable.

It dissolves on spotting the underlying moments of
enforcement or inhibition of A, R, or C that triggered
the upsets, especially if one spots the first time that
it happened in this lifetime or even earlier, because later
occurrences can hang up on the earlier times.

We will handle this with simple recall type processes on
these areas individually.  Each set of processes should
be continued until the charge in that area falls away.

If any of these give you trouble as far as stirring up 
too much charge, make a point of spotting precise actions 
and going as early as possible.

21.1 Enforced Affinity

Here we are looking for moments when affinity or liking was 
enforced.  This could include insisting or demanding or
any kind of pushiness.

These commands are run alternately.

21.1.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  like something or somebody
21.1.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  like something or somebody
21.1.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  like something or somebody

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.1.2a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  like you
21.1.2b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  like them
21.1.2c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  like them

21.2 Inhibited Affinity

Here we are looking for moments when affinity or liking was 

inhibited.  This could include denial or rejection.

These commands are run alternately.

21.2.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  dislike something or somebody
21.2.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  dislike something or somebody
21.2.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  dislike something or somebody

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.2.2a Recall a time when you rejected somebody's affinity
21.2.2b Recall a time when somebody rejected your affinity
21.2.2c Recall a time when somebody rejected another's affinity

21.3 Positive Affinity

Now let's finish this off by recalling some positive affinity.

a) Recall a time that you liked somebody
b) Recall a time when somebody liked you
c) Recall a time when somebody liked someone else

21.4 Enforced Agreement

Here we are looking for moments when agreement or reality was 
enforced.  This could include insisting or demanding or
any kind of pushiness.

These commands are run alternately.

21.4.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  agree with something or somebody
21.4.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  agree with something or somebody
21.4.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  agree with something or somebody

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.4.2a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  agree with you
21.4.2b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  agree with them
21.4.2c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  agree with them

21.5 Inhibited Agreement

Here we are looking for moments when agreement or reality was 
inhibited.  This could include denial or rejection.

These commands are run alternately.

21.5.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  disagree with something or somebody
21.5.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  disagree with something or somebody
21.5.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  disagree with something or somebody

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.5.2a Recall a time when you rejected somebody's reality
  or you refused to agree with them
21.5.2b Recall a time when somebody rejected your reality
  or refused to agree with you
21.5.2c Recall a time when somebody rejected another's reality
  or refused to agree with them

21.6 Positive Agreement

Now let's finish this off by recalling some positive agreement.

a) Recall a time that you agreed with somebody
b) Recall a time when somebody agreed with you
c) Recall a time when somebody agreed with someone else

21.7 Enforced Communication

Here we are looking for moments when communication was 
enforced.  This could include insisting or demanding or
any kind of pushiness.

These commands are run alternately.

21.7.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  communicate with somebody or something
21.7.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  communicate with somebody or something
21.7.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  communicate with somebody or something

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.7.2a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  communicate with you
21.7.2b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  communicate with them
21.7.2c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  communicate with them

21.8 Inhibited Communication

Here we are looking for moments when communication or reality was 
inhibited.  This could include denial or rejection.

These commands are run alternately.

21.8.1a Recall a time when you insisted that somebody
  not communicate with somebody or something
21.8.1b Recall a time when somebody insisted that you
  not communicate with somebody or something
21.8.1c Recall a time when somebody insisted that another
  not communicate with somebody or something

Next, run this on a personal basis as follows:

21.8.2a Recall a time when you rejected somebody's communication

21.8.2b Recall a time when somebody rejected your communication
21.8.2c Recall a time when somebody rejected another's communication

21.9 Positive Communication

Now let's finish this off by recalling some positive communication.

a) Recall a time that you communicated well with somebody
b) Recall a time when somebody communicated well with you
c) Recall a time when somebody communicated well with someone else



In this chapter we are going to take the subject of upsets
a bit further.

But first, this seems like a good time to mention the E-meter
since this is a useful tool in this area.

Note that having an E-meter is not a requirement for doing
the processes in this chapter.  But you should at least
know what one is and how they work, because they are commonly 
used by professionals.  Furthermore, they are often mentioned in 
Scientology technical materials that deal with handling
ARC Breaks (upsets). 

The following is only a brief introduction.  Real skill at using
an E-meter generally requires taking a course that includes
practical drilling.

22.1 The E-Meter

The E-meter as used by the Church of Scientology or the 
equivalent devices available in the freezone are simple 
measurement instruments which display the electrical 
resistance of the human body.

As mental charge is stirred up or released, the electrical
resistance of the body will reflect these changes.

The changes, however, are subtle and generally too fine to see 
on a simple ohm-meter (a device for measuring electrical 
resistance).  A dial which covered the entire possible range
at which a body might be found would make the interesting
reactions too small to be seen in most cases.

So instead, a range adjustment is used to focus in on the
approximate resistance at which a particular body is sitting
at the moment and the needle dial acts as a window into
that precise band of resistance.  This turns small fluctuations
in resistance into large needle reactions which are easier
to see.

Due to a mistake in early theory, the range adjustment was
mistakenly thought to reflect the person's emotional tone
level and was therefore called the "tone arm".  Because of
this, it was labeled with what are now arbitrary numbers from
zero to seven which supposedly represented emotional tones.

The normal, or unabberated, range on this tone arm is generally
between two (which is actually 5,000 ohms) and three (which
is actually 12,500 ohms).

Higher resistances (especially readings above 4 or 5 on this
tone arm) generally indicate that mental "mass" is present.
In processing, if the tone arm was in the normal range and
suddenly begins to soar upwards into this high area, it
generally indicates that a process has been overrun (continued
past the point of handling what it was aimed at) and is now 
stirring up things without handling them.  The person will 
often feel tired and heavy.  The usual handling is to spot 
the release point that has been bypassed.

Excessively low resistance generally indicates that the
person is overwhelmed.  Under too much impact, a person will
try to make things unreal (disconnecting from reality) to
try and get out from under.  This is reflected in extreme
drops in resistance in the body.  One remedy is to run
extremely light things (such as the first process in 
chapter one) until the person comes back to himself.

The reactions of the needle can be quite useful and
interesting.  These show the moment to moment changes
and mental flinches or reactions to things.

This is specifically useful for probing things that are
out of sight but accessible.

The meter will not react on things that are deeply buried.
And the occasional reactions as a person thinks about things
or considers a question are not of interest because the person
can already think in those areas.  But in-between lies that
portion of the mind which is slightly hidden but is not
out of reach.  This is the area that we are interested in

processing because these are the things that we can reach
to clean them up.  And as this area is handled, more of
the hidden areas beneath it are revealed and become accessible.

The meter reactions in this band are instantaneous, because
the person is not thinking about these things but only reacting.
Note that for this reason, the needle must not be shielded by
the usual protective circuitry which is often used to protect
them against current surges because it will obscure the
instantaneousness of the reactions.

The meter is at its best when it is used to pin down some
mental charge that has been stirred up.

For example, if somebody is upset, the meter can be checked
as to whether the break occurred in affinity, reality,
communication, or understanding.  It will react on the one
which triggered the ARC Break because that is where the
charge lies.  

In the 1950s, meters were primarily used for assessing things
such as this to determine sources of charge.  They work well
in this regard.  They do not work well for seeking general
answers to cosmic questions because they will not react
on the deeper areas which are still inaccessible to the person.
They also do not work well as lie detectors because they
react to the presence of mental charge rather than providing
absolute answers.

Assessments can be done solo without the use of a meter
simply by considering the various possible answers until
you settle on one with some certainty.  But in this case,
the meter is a great time saver and much easier than swimming
around in a charged area trying to figure something out.

It is beyond the scope of this book to teach you the details
of using a meter.  There is already a great deal of literature
on the subject and it is much easier to learn on a course
that includes practical drills.

But if you do have one and know how to use it, then do so
by all means, especially on those things that require

Do not, however, let the lack of a meter stop you from
continuing.  It is simply a helpful tool rather than a

22.2  More on the anatomy of upsets

In the previous chapter, we analyzed upsets as stemming from
breaks in affinity, reality, or communications.  We can also
add understanding to the list because it is a product of
ARC and will sometimes come up as the specific source of
the break.

So in dealing with an ARC Break, one is first of all
interested in whether the break occurred in A, R, C, or U.
Spotting this helps one focus on the exact cause of the

But it is often necessary to focus more precisely and
spot exactly what occurred in regards to the affinity,
or communication, or whatever.

For this is useful to know a practical scale which 
maps out the behavior of these flows of ARC.

When one first contacts something, one might be in a divine
state of all knowingness and perceive and pervade it completely.
But that is not usually the case.  Therefore, one begins from
a state of not-know, and that is the top level on our scale.

Not-knowing, one may choose to become curious or interested.
This is the beginning of an ARC flow.  From there, one may
move on to good communication, affinity, etc. and then there
is no difficulty or upset.

But often, one does not connect fully and instead finds some
resistance.  If one chooses to remain interested despite
this, then one must amplify the flow to overcome the
resistance, and with that, one begins to desire the person
or thing.  Now one can get into trouble because there is
intensity and resistance and a possible game condition.

If the person can neither push through and accomplish nor 
abandon the desire, he will sink into the band of effort
and begin to enforce ARC.  From this point on, he begins
to react mechanically and can have great difficulties.

Failing to enforce, he will begin to inhibit in an attempt
to get away from something which is now too highly charged.
But this is often unsuccessful because he is now connecting
to the item compulsively.  So he tries to make nothing

of the thing and have none of it.  And failing in that,
he begins to reject it with a vengeance.

This forms a scale as follows:

Curious (Interest)
Refused (Rejection)

An ARC break can trigger on any of these being done to
either A, R, C, or U, either by you to another or another
to you.  It occurs on the levels from Desire on downwards
because these are enforcement or inhibitions of ARC flows
to a greater or lesser degree (even desire has some push
in it).  They occasionally occur on the upper buttons
(not-know and curious) simply because these can remind one
of earlier ARC breaks.

There are other inter-related triangles (such as be, do, have)
and there are other kinds of flows (energy or whatever) which 
can break or give one troubles, but ARC is by far the most 
significant and the most useful to handle.

We will examine how to use this in the next section.

22.3 Handling an upset

(This section was originally published in the Super Scio
book and fits in here precisely).

An upset is best described as an ARC Break (ARCX).  On a self
processing basis, you would first just look the incident over very 
carefully, confronting what happened and spotting things about it.
The emphasis is on saying what is (ITSA) and not worrying about the
confused and unresolved parts of it (which will be handled next).
This is to soften the incident up a bit.  Needless to say, you do
this away from the source of the ARC break if at all possible.

If you're extremely upset, furious or hysterical or whatever, then
also do alternate spotting of the room and the incident until things
cool down a bit.

When you're ready, consider the points Affinity, Reality,
Communication, and Understanding and determine which was the most
significant in the upset.  You can do this step again if there is
more than one.  This is an assessment, as discussed earlier.
Done without a meter, you simply take your best shot and if the
following step doesn't bring some relief, you try again.

Then check if the item found above was enforced or inhibited.  If
neither one of these indicates strongly, then use a broader
assessment consisting of a) Not-Known, b) Curious, c) Desired,
d) Enforced, e) Inhibited, f) No .., g) Refused.  Note that standard
tech does not include the Not-Know button in their ARCX assessments,
but it follows from general theory and shows up more as you get 
higher on the scale.

When you spot that, lets say, an enforced reality or an inhibited
communication was the primary source of the upset, there should
be a feeling of relief.  If not, then you've got it wrong and
should redo the above.

The relief on spotting this can be partial or total.  If its
complete, then you're done.  If not, then carry on as follows:

First of all, spot the primary direction of flow.  I.E., did you
inhibit someone else's communication or did someone else inhibit
yours.  It can even be another inhibiting others communication or
someone (you or somebody else) inhibiting their own communication
(or affinity or reality or whatever the button was).

Then spot exactly what communication (for example) was inhibited
and state it clearly.

Spot what you did in the incident.

Spot what you decided in the incident.

Spot what you postulated in the incident.

Note that professionals don't use this extra set of questions
specifically, but they do get the PC to ITSA about the incident.
In self processing, you generally need more precise questions, and
the above are aimed at getting more ITSA.

If something still seems unsolveable or hopeless about the incident,
then look for an earlier similar upset and repeat the above.

And watch out for overrun.  If it gets better and then suddenly
seems more solid, you've passed the release point and should 
rehabilitate it instead of continuing.

22.4 Clearing up major upsets

Now we want to apply the above ARC Break handling to any
major upsets that are bothering you.

First check for people that you are currently upset with.
For each one, locate the first moment of upset and 
apply the above to it, checking if it was a break in
affinity, reality, communication or understanding, and
so forth.

Then check for situations that you are currently upset
about and handle those.

Next, consider if there is somebody who you are continually
getting upset with that wasn't already handled above.
Spot the earliest upset with them that you can find and
run the ARC Break handling on that.

You can do the same for groups or society, etc.  If something
wouldn't resolve, then look earlier, because later upsets
will hang up on earlier similar upsets.

Next consider major self determined changes that have happened
in your life.  Things like deciding that you had to move to
a different neighborhood, for example.  We are not talking here
about changing to take advantage of some wonderful opportunity
but rather times when you just had to do something because
things were bad.  Run the ARC break handling on each of
these, pinning down and handling the specific charge that
was pushing you at that time.

Now turn the tables and consider who has gotten upset
with you and run the above ARC break handling to see how
you triggered the upset.  Run these (using any of the above)
until you feel that you can be in control over whether or
not other people get upset with you.

Finally, consider upsets that you have seen between other
people and run them as above, finding earlier similar times
that you saw the same kind of upset occurring if necessary.

22.5 The pattern of aberration

In the beginning, the being goes out of communication on a
selective basis.  This is a matter of free choice, but was
perhaps encouraged to the being's detriment, because when
he goes too far out of communication, he will be easier
to control.  

Once he is out of communication (even if only selectively),
he sometimes runs into things that he doesn't like and begins 
protesting instead of confronting them.

Then he creates things compulsively out of protest (to
communicate a protest) and that in turn leads to problems.

Next he begins committing harmful acts in an effort to
solve these problems.  

Because he has committed harmful acts, he now has withholds
and tends to go out of ARC.  This opens the door to
ARC breaks as we have been discussing here.

It is only late in the game that he can actually be hurt.
He first has to accumulate enough aberration on these lines 
that he can become the effect of his own creations.
Until that point is reached, it is really a game of semi-gods
teasing and annoying each other without much harm.  The most 
that they can do is to mess up each others creations, like
little kids playing in a sandbox.

We are the shattered remnants of these early godlike beings, 
stuck within our own and each others creations.

- From a human perspective, it might seem like you have good
reason for various upsets because our recent histories
has included much terrible pain and destruction.  The apparent
condition is that the ARC breaks are there as the result of
the various terrible things that have been done.

But the ARC breaks actually run much earlier, back to
a time when we could not suffer real harm but could be
"hurt" by the rejection of affinity or the refusal to
communicate.  That came first and that is why we have been
blowing each other to bits on a chronic basis.

The ARC breaks come first.  Then come the wars.

When you take a second pass through this book, try to get
really early on these ARC breaks and see if you can find
or imagine the kind of upsets that godlike beings would
have with each other.

22.7 The Underlying Mechanics

One might well ask why the above pattern develops.  After all,
tastes can differ without upset and there are many people
you are not talking to without any liability whatsoever.
In other words, simply not having a lot of ARC is not the
same as having an ARC break, it does not have the "charge"

and upset associated with it.

The ARC Break occurs because there is already "charge"
present.  ARC is a powerful enough factor to dissipate
the charge that accumulates during everyday life (listening 
and caring and understanding bring relief).  When an
ARC line is cut either by enforcing or inhibiting it,
any charge that was being relieved suddenly back up and
this is the real reason for the reactions often being
out of proportion.

But note that ARC itself does not inherently create charge.
The charge is coming from the person's own inhibitions
and compulsions.  Things that he must or must not be,
do, or have.

We have already addressed the area of must have and
can't have to some degree.  We have also looked a bit
at being willing to be and do things.  This is the
underlying source of charge and we will be working 
these areas further as we continue along.

When you are willing to be, do, or have anything and have
no compulsion or avoidance, you will be free of mental
charge and upset.  And then you will find that your own
free choice has fantastic power because you are no longer
being drawn into or repelled by the factors of life around
you.  Just because you can be a slave doesn't mean that
you should be one.  It actually means the opposite, namely
that you have a choice in the matter and will be more adept
at avoiding such a role if desired because you can confront
it and are not attracting it.

22.8 An ARC process

Do this after you have handled all current upsets.

Now to round this off, go to a crowded area and flow some
ARC at random people.

Then look around and spot flows of ARC between people.

Then mockup flows of ARC between people.

Then flow some more ARC at people.  Get the idea that they
are flowing ARC back at you even if they aren't showing it.

If anything goes wrong, flow more ARC.

You should end off feeling really good about people.



- From the very beginning, we have worked very hard at tricking each 
other.  That is really all that you can do to somebody who is
in a godlike state.

In the early period, this was done mostly for fun or for the
sake of a game.  Later it became more serious, with trickery
being used to entrap and enslave.

It was not one sided.  We all did this and had it done to us
and watched others tricking others as well.

This is not an easy area to handle because we have gotten very
good at it.  It is not always easy to distinguish truth from
falsehood or see through the illusions.  Even telepaths can fool
each other with fake surface layers that hide their real intentions.

But don't forget that sometimes we enjoyed being tricked.  A magic
show is based on desired and enjoyable trickery.  The magician
fools and distracts us, hiding what is really happening and we
are generally pleased if he does a good job at it.

23.1 Trickery

This one is a recall process.

a) Recall a time when you were tricked into fighting
b) Recall a time when you tricked another into fighting
c) Recall a time when another tricked others into fighting

23.2 Distraction

If you really knew what was going on, whether by perception
or study, you would not be fooled.  So a magician will shift
his audience's attention so that they will look at what he
wants them to instead of noticing what else he is doing.
We often handle children by sifting their attention away
from something that we don't want them to have.

Of course there are many other reasons for shifting attention.
The idea here is simply to improve your awareness of it.

a) Recall a time that another shifted your attention
b) Recall a time that you intentionally shifted another's attention
c) Recall a time that another shifted other's attention

23.3 Confusion

A person who is confused will be hungry for some stable
piece of data to focus on that will bring order to the confusion
and resolve it.  If the need is great enough, he will accept

and cling to an incorrect idea without reviewing it adequately
as long as it reduces the confusion.

Therefore, introducing false data into a confusion becomes
a key method of manipulating people.  And a sharp manipulator
will create a confusion if one does not exist already.

Let's begin with looking at confusion itself.

a) Recall a time that you confused others
b) Recall a time that another or others confused you
c) Recall a time that another confused others

23.4 Pushing ideas into confusions

Let's say that a society is in a big confusion.  There is a lot
of social unrest, maybe a big economic depression and talk of
revolution or whatever.  Now comes the idea that the society
is under attack.  The confusion resolves.  Everybody lines up
to repel this attack.

The attack may be real, in which case it is a true datum, or
the attack may be false, simply invented as a means of manipulating
people, in which case it is a false datum.

Because of the confusion, people will act like suckers and
swallow the resolving idea without reviewing it adequately.
A good example is Hitler manipulating the German people prior
to World War 2.  He picked a non-existent enemy (the Jews) and
jammed it into an existing confusion (the depression) and
got people to swallow it.

Now let's just look at ideas resolving or reducing confusions.
The ideas could have been right or wrong, but they probably
were accepted without adequate review, so lets look at them again.

a) Recall a confusion
b) What idea reduced or handled that confusion

23.5 Encouraging Conflicts

People often work to encourage conflicts between others.  They
do this to gain some profit or eliminate an opponent or even
for fun and entertainment.  Usually the instigator tries to
stay out of sight and all you see are the opponents in conflict.

One clue is to examine who might be profiting by the conflict.
In practice this requires a great deal of judgment since people
also take advantage of things after the fact, but you certainly
should be aware of it and consider it as one of the possibilities.

This process is simply aimed at raising perception and awareness
rather than providing answers.  Spotting who is making a profit
is only a first step rather than a final one in trying to trace
back the source of a conflict.

The conflicts can be anything from heated arguments between
people to wars and riots.

a) Recall a conflict
b) Who might have profited by that

23.6 Shifting Blame

People work hard at trying to shift blame to others rather than
getting caught themselves.  This is a great source of false

a) Recall trying to shift blame to another
b) Recall another trying to shift blame to you
c) Recall another trying to shift blame to others

23.7 Misleading Time

One common way of altering or obscuring the truth is to shift
or obscure the time when something occurred.  Joe hits Bill
and then Bill hits him back and then Joe says that Bill hit
him first.  

Another common alteration of time is to say that something 
happened long ago instead of recently so as to downplay its 

This makes it hard to catch the lie because it is only the
time that is altered rather than the events themselves.

People do this often enough that it is a common contributing
factor in poor memory.  Once a person shifts the time of
too many incidents around, he begins to mis-remember them

a) Recall misleading somebody about the time when something occurred.
b) Recall somebody misleading you about the time when something occurred.
c) Recall somebody misleading others about the time when 
   something occurred.

23.8 Altering Importance

Another common trick is to alter the importance of something,
either downplaying something important or taking something
minor and putting tremendous significance on it.

a) Recall exaggerating the importance of something
b) Recall downplaying the importance of something
c) Recall another exaggerating the importance of something

d) Recall another downplaying the importance of something

23.9 Invalidation

When someone is about to be caught in a lie, they often
invalidate the other person in an attempt to make them doubt
their own reality.

This is not the only reason for invalidation, so you can't
depend on it as a firm indication, but you do need to be
able to shrug off invalidation and not be thrown off base
by it so that you can see what is really going on.

a) recall invalidating another
b) recall being invalidated
c) recall another invalidating another or others
d) recall invalidating yourself

23.10 Shame and Embarrassment

Making someone feel ashamed or embarrassed can be surprisingly
manipulative.  People often use it to control or distract
each other.

It holds out a tantalizing promise of ARC while prodding
at the person to change.

a) Recall being made to feel embarrassed
b) Recall making another feel embarrassed
c) Recall another making another or others feel embarrassed.
d) Recall making yourself feel embarrassed

23.11 False Accusations

This one shows up in a number of different ways.

People who have been tricked and now are excessively worried
about being tricked again will often launch false accusations.

People who are tricking others will also launch false accusations
in an effort to bring down their opponents.  And they mislead
others into issuing false accusations.

Here we are looking for either intentional or unintentional
false accusations.

a) Recall being falsely accused of something
b) Recall falsely accusing another
c) Recall another falsely accusing others

23.12 More on Encouraging conflicts

Again we need judgment.  Efforts to manipulate are not the only 
reason you were told somebody or something was bad, but it
is a very common occurrence.  So you need to look them over.

a) Spot being told that someone or something was bad
b) Who told you that
c) Did they have a vested interest

23.13 Truth and Falsehood

Now check over your experience.

a) Spot something you were told that you found to be true
b) Spot something you were told that you found to be false

23.14 Being Mislead

a) How have you mislead another
b) How has another mislead you
c) How has another mislead others

23.15 Manipulation

a) How have you manipulated another
b) How have you been manipulated
c) How has another manipulated others

23.16 Evaluation

Here we are not concerned with simple evaluation where
the meaning or importance of something is examined or
discussed.  All education is evaluative in this sense.

But evaluations which are jammed in by force are a 
different matter.  In this case one is not allowed to
think and it tends to make one both dumb and pedantic.

And if something is pushed down one's throat by force
instead of being presented for free and open consideration,
one should be suspicious of the data that is being
presented and the motives of the presenter.

Sometimes it is simply a poor teacher who was himself
educated in a forceful and unthinking manner.  Sometimes
it is simply self righteousness or fanaticism.

But sometimes there is something wrong with the data
itself or there is an intention to control and dominate.

a) has an evaluation been enforced on you
b) have you enforced an evaluation on another
c) has another enforced an evaluation on others   

23.17 Judgment

It all basically comes down to judgment, seeing what makes
sense and what smells fishy.  You have to judge things based
on evaluating many factors rather using a single black and white

Think of something that you were told which you have been
uncertain of.  Make two lists, one of things which seem to
indicate that it was true and another of things which seem
to indicate that it was false.  Work over and keep adding
to the lists without prejudice until you feel that you have
all the relevant factors on each side of the fence.  Do this
without trying to decide on the truth or falsehood while you
are putting things on the list.  Then look these lists over

and evaluate which side has the strongest indication.

If you have gotten a lot of factors and the indications are 
overwhelming on one side or the others, then you've got it.

If, however, the two sides balance, then there are a number
of possibilities.  One possibility is that you don't have enough
data and it may have to remain unresolved.  But there are
three other things to check before you put the whole matter aside 
for further investigation.

The two sides may be in balance because someone has been feeding
you a great deal of false data on one side or the other.  In
other words, one side or the other may be false.  So check
each side over again with an eye towards possible trickery.

You might also be holding the two sides in balance.  If, for
example, you have a strong desire for the answer to come out
a certain way, you might be twisting things out of shape.
So check if you have a prejudice in the matter and re-examine
the list to see if you put some biased things on it.

But one of the common reasons for this happening is that
you have mixed apples and oranges together and the list is
serving to sort them out.  You may have two disrelated things
mixed together.  Examine the two lists and see if there is
a common delineation which caused them to sort out that way.
Then reexamine your original question and see if you can't
divide it into two separate factors and run two separate
evaluations.  Then try and analyze how these two things
really relate to each other and how they became enmeshed
together.  You may want one without the other and maybe
there is some way to do that.

Do this exercise with a number of different things, both 
personal and social.  See if you can penetrate at least one 
illusion or trickery.

Don't go off half cocked on insufficient data.  Remember
that false accusations are the bane of our existence.

But maybe you can proof yourself up against being mislead
and manipulated.


Version: 2.6


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